Le Smart City Institute est fier d’annoncer la parution d’une nouvelle publication scientifique rédigée par Jonathan Desdemoustier (chercheur pour le SCI jusque février 2019), en collaboration avec les Prof. Nathalie Crutzen (Directrice académique du SCI), Mario Cools (Université de Liège – ULiège, Département ArGEnCo, Transports et mobilité) et Jacques Teller (Université de Liège – ULiège, Département ArGEnCo, Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire).


The Smart City became a dominant discourse as a new approach to mitigate and remedy to current urban and societal problems. Numerous cities are engaged in a Smart City process to address their local challenges. But different actor’s appropriations and styles of implementation produce particular territorial and societal developments. This paper questions in an innovative way the actors’ appropriation of the Smart City: the phenomenon is considered as an instrument, following the theory of Lascoumes and Le Galès (2007). On basis of an online survey with 193 Belgian respondents, the results of several statistical treatments validate an appropriation of the Smart City between a public policy instrument in one side and a functional instrument in the other side. But across the five categories of actors (Elected politician (1), administrations and public organizations (2), private companies (3), research centers & universities (4) and associations (5)), the Belgian respondents do not fit into one or the other instrument in a monolithic way. The actor’s appropriation does not follow a homogeneous trend based on a technical and holistic direction, like it is represented in the literature.

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